The website further notes that lecturers may have difficulties recording and engaging 50-minute online lecture. According to tutor recommendations, “producing shorter chunks of lectures on particular themes or concepts” can help make lectures more engaging. Continuing remote teaching for students who are unable to return to Oxford The University advises teaching staff to “[use] a variety of activities such as think-pair-share, student presentations, structured debates and working together on a digital whiteboard, [to] help ensure all students are able to participate in a synchronous session even if it needs to be online.” Recording lectures and making them more interactive If remote students need to be included in a face to face class, the plans suggest pre-recording material and sending remote students notes in advance to allow them to follow even with a poor internet connection. Having face to face and remote students use the same tools such as SharePoint (for text) or OneNote (for images, equations and annotations) is highly recommended. The guidelines also advise tutors to assign remote students “buddies” to make their voices accessible to the teaching groups. Feedback from Trinity Term surveys has indicated that both students and tutors find online tutorials to be “more intense and tiring” and that getting through discussions often takes longer. The plan therefore recommends to tutors: “You may want to adapt what you plan to achieve in your tutorials, moving some activities online for completion before or after the tutorial (asynchronous), ensuring breaks if tutorials are long, or getting students to share their screen to show slides, text or visual material.” Adjusting DPhil and Masters supervision Image credit to David Iliff. License: CC BY-SA 3.0 The website suggests using instructional videos in either scenario as a “flexible and inclusive approach to learning practical skills.” These should be prepared in advance and shared before the practical or replace the practical if face to face teaching is not possible. The University guidance advises lecturers to record and share live streamed lectures. The CTL website states: “If you would like to give a live streamed lecture from your own computer you should ensure that these lectures are also recorded and shared with students, so that those who cannot attend the live streamed session can watch the lecture as soon as they are able.” Including online elements in small group teaching The University has announced there will be “a strong focus on tutorials and other undergraduate and graduate small-group teaching (face to face wherever possible) alongside online alternatives for larger group teaching, lectures, and some exams.” The plans confirm that remote teaching will continue for students who are unable to return to Oxford next year. The Oxford University Centre for Teaching and Learning (CTL) has released detailed plans for remote teaching in the 2020/21 academic year. Cherwell has summarised what you need to know about next year. The CTL plans are guidelines for tutors and in no way binding. The plans suggest “recording any live sessions and making them available on Canvas for students to review and for students who were unable to attend live sessions.” As social distancing rules and PPE requirements may change, the CTL recommends adopting an approach to practicals that allows teaching staff to move between in-lab teaching and simulations with supplied data. The University website also suggests setting up online gatherings of research students to create a support network. Supervisors “might want to set up a journal club to bring postdocs and research students together.” Making laboratory teaching more flexible Additional suggestions to make lectures more interactive include offering a Q&A session in the lecture or assigning additional time for students to submit questions. Answers to these could then be shared on Canvas or in an extra recording. In the case that public health requirements make research and data collection temporarily impossible, the CTL recommends switching to “tasks [that] can help develop analytical and writing skills that the student can apply once they can resume their research.” Students at the beginning of their research are encouraged to “develop other academic skills such as writing book reviews or synthesising conclusions from a collection of articles.” To facilitate a varied approach to teaching, the plans encourage supplementing small group teaching with recordings, summaries of the sessions, and making some resources available to students in advance. Incorporating online tutorials survey feedback
Researchers working as part of the University of Georgia’s Regenerative Bioscience Center have developed a new way to identify and sort stem cells that may one day allow clinicians to restore vision to people with damaged corneas using the patient’s own eye tissue. The UGA researchers published their findings in Biophysical Journal.The cornea is a transparent layer of tissue covering the front of the eye, and its health is maintained by a group of cells called limbal stem cells. When these cells are damaged by trauma or disease, the cornea loses its ability to self-repair.“Damage to the limbus, which is where the clear part of the eye meets the white part of the eye, can cause the cornea to break down very rapidly,” said James Lauderdale, the paper co-author and associate professor of cellular biology in UGA’s Franklin College of Arts and Sciences. “The only way to repair the cornea right now is to do a limbal cell transplant from donated tissue.”In their study, researchers used a new type of highly sensitive atomic force microscopy, or AFM, to analyze eye cell cultures. Created by Todd Sulchek, an associate professor of mechanical engineering at Georgia Tech, the technique allowed researchers to probe and exert force on individual cells to learn more about the cell’s overall health and its ability to turn into different types of mature cells.They found that limbal stem cells were softer and more pliable than other cells, meaning they could use this simple measure as a rapid and cost-effective way to identify cells from a patient’s own tissue that are suitable for transplantation.“Todd’s technology is unique in the tiniest and most sensitive detection to change,” said Lauderdale. “Just think about trying to gently dimple or prod the top of an individual cell without killing it; with conventional AFM it’s close to impossible.”Building on their findings related to cell softness, the research team also developed a microfluidic cell sorting device capable of filtering out specific cells from a tissue sample. With this device, the team can collect the patient’s own tissue, sort and culture the cells, and place them back into the patient – all in one day, said Lauderdale. It can take weeks to perform this task using conventional methods.The researchers are quick to caution that more tests must be done before this technique is used in human patients, but it may one day serve as a viable treatment for the more than 1 million Americans who lose their vision to damaged corneas every year. The group first started this research with the hope of helping children with aniridia, an inherited malformation of the eye that leads to breakdown of the cornea at an early age. Because aniridia affects only one in 60,000 children, few organizations are willing to commit the resources necessary to combat the disease, Lauderdale said.“Our first goal in working with such a rare disease was to help this small population of children, because we feel a close connection to all of them,” said Lauderdale, who has worked with aniridia patients for many years. “However, at the end of the day this technology could help hundreds of thousands of people, like the military, who are also interested in corneal damage, common in desert conditions.”Steven Stice, a Georgia Research Alliance Eminent Scholar, who plays an important role in fostering cross-interdisciplinary collaboration as director of the RBC, initially brought the researchers together and encouraged a seed grant application through the center for Regenerative Engineering and Medicine, or REM, a joint collaboration between Emory University, Georgia Tech and UGA.“A culture is developing around seed funding that is all about interdisciplinary collaboration, sharing of resources, and coming together to make things happen,” said Stice. “Government funding agencies place a high premium on combining skills and disciplines. We can no longer afford to work in an isolated laboratory using a singular approach.”The REM seed funding program is intended to stimulate new, unconventional collaborative research and requires equal partnership of faculty from two of the participating institutions.“We tend to get siloed experimentally,” says Lauderdale. “To a biologist like me, all cells are very different and all atomic force microscopes are the same. To an engineer like Todd it’s just the opposite.”The study, “Cellular Stiffness as a Novel Stemness Marker in the Corneal Limbus,” is available at www.cell.com/biophysj/fulltext/S0006-3495(16)30771-8. Funding was provided by an NIH NIGMS Biotechnology Training Grant on Cell and Tissue Engineering, the Knights Templar Eye Foundation, the Center for Regenerative Engineering and Medicine, the Sharon Stewart Aniridia Research Trust and the NSF CMMI division.
The Atlantic region of Nicaragua is a strategic area for organized crime groups, which transport drug shipments through the area. The shipments eventually are transported to Mexico, the United States, Canada, Africa, or Europe. In Nicaragua there are strategic and logistic areas for international drug trafficking networks, and each country in the region has them, Nicaragua does not have to be the exception. The region seems complicated because these areas are constantly in dispute and in most cases we see criminal groups operating through semi organized groups with young members, said World Bank security analyst Enrique Betancourt,. “What we see in Nicaragua is a struggle between groups with greater international power and local groups,” Betancourt said. “This creates alliances or interventions and the possibility that these (smaller) gangs become a transnational threat.” Honduran drug trafficking operatives are entering Nicaragua through the border the two countries share, which is about 600 kilometers long. The number of drug trafficking operatives who have left Honduras to cross into Nicaragua has increased in recent months, Rodriguez said. Many of these operatives are entering Nicaragua to avoid operations by the Honduran Armed Forces, according to Rodriguez. Operations by the Ecological Battalion and North Military Detachment in the Sixth Military Region Command have forced organized crime groups to move their operations into Nicaragua, authorities said. Among the organized crime operatives who have left Honduras to enter Nicaragua are enforcers who were wounded during clashes with the Honduran Armed Forces, authorities said. They fled to Nicaragua to avoid being captured. The region that these drug trafficking operatives are moving into features large areas of uninhabited jungle terrain. Much of the drug trafficking in Nicaragua is concentrated along the Caribbean coast. A growing threat Honduran drug trafficking groups are responsible for the surge in violence in the Atlantic region of Nicaragua. Drug gangs are seizing drug shipments, a sign that these gangs are becoming a transnational threat. Organized crime groups are crossing from Honduras into Nicaragua to avoid Honduran military operations, authorities said. Nicaraguan gang enforcers who operate in the Atlantic region – which is known as the “Mosquito Coast” — have formed alliances with Honduran drug traffickers, Brig. Gen. Bayardo Rodriguez, the chief of military operations for the Nicaraguan Army, told La Prensa. These enforcers – who are known as “tumbadores” – are stealing drug shipments on behalf of Honduran organized crime groups. “There are tumbadores, and these tumbadores have connections with drug trafficking structures in Honduras. When they come to Nicaragua, these criminal groups forge ties with logistics structures in the Caribbean since they aim to eliminate these people who steal drugs,” Rodríguez said. “We have major problems with armed groups of drug traffickers in the border region.” The gangs of tumbadores are stealing drug shipments on behalf of Honduran gangs, including Los Cachiros, Los Valles, Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13) and Barrio 18, authorities said. These organized crime groups have traditionally operated on a local and regional level, selling drugs and committing extortion and engaging in other criminal enterprises in areas they control. Many of these tumbadores have worked as drug mules for organized crime groups, according to the United Nations. The gangs of tumbadores use high-powered rifles to ambush operatives who are transporting drugs for large transnational criminal organizations. These transnational criminal organizations include the Sinaloa Cartel, Los Zetas, Los Urabenos and Los Rastrojos, authorities said. A strategic region Nicaragua, the largest country in Central America, has nearly 500 kilometers of coastline and several islands. Organized crime groups use the coastline and islands as drug trafficking routes and transshipment points. Transnational criminal organizations use the Atlantic region of the country to temporarily store drugs and to refuel SUVs and trucks which they use to transport cocaine. From the perspective of international organized crime, the area does not represent an attractive market per se, its value is purely logistical, however the connection with local groups is characterized by very flexible models of affiliation and loyalty over time, Betancourt said. In particular, the Sinaloa Cartel, Los Zetas and the Colombian organized crime group Norte del Valle operate in the coastal region. Nicaragua registered 11 killings per 100,000 residents in 2013. The rate of killing is about 33 per 100,000 residents in the Atlantic coast region. The Nicaraguan Army has increased patrols in the Mosquito Coast region, and police forces are paying close attention to the area, to try to prevent violence, authorities said. In 2013, the Armed Forces of Nicaragua launched a counter-narcotics operation, “RetainingWall,” to “contain, capture, and divert as many drugs as possible at the borders and at sea, in the Caribbean and the Pacific.” Cooperation between the security forces of Nicaragua and Honduras is important in the battle against organized crime, Betancourt said. In October 2013, the governments of Nicaragua and Honduras agreed to cooperate in the fight against organized crime on the border shared by the two countries. Officials with the two countries signed an agreement to ratify the cooperation. Nicaraguan security forces must sophisticate their approach and intelligence to identify the dynamics and alliances between global organizations and local, security analyst concluded, the security analyst said. Coastal drug trafficking routes Vigilance by Nicaraguan security forces The fact that Honduran organized crime groups are using enforcers to ambush drug shipments in Nicaragua’s Atlantic region indicates that the Honduran groups are becoming more sophisticated and more dangerous, Betancourt said. Transnational criminal organizations, like the Sinaloa Cartel, are increasing their activities in the Atlantic region, transporting and storing larger amounts of drugs, according to the study “Security in Nicaragua: Central America’s Exception,” which was published recently by the Woodrow Wilson International Center in Washington, D.C. Drug trafficking groups operate in the so-called Mosquito Coast in a variety of ways, authorities said. Groups like the Sinaloa Cartel and Los Zetas have built illegal airstrips, which they use for clandestine narco-flights. These and other drug trafficking groups also use SUVs and trucks to transport cocaine through the region. By Dialogo March 04, 2014
Leo Fuchs, 90, of New Alsace, Indiana passed Thursday, March 30, 2017. He leaves his children Raymond (Bev) Fuchs of Morris, IN, Robert Fuchs of New Alsace, Barbara Fuchs (Bob) Bisset of New Alsace, and Rose Mary (Tony) Horner of New Alsace. There are 6 grandchildren and 6 great grandchildren. He also leaves his brother-in-law Paul Stock.He was preceded in death by his wife Mary Ann, his parents William C. and Ottilla (Joerger) Fuchs, and his brother Clarence. Leo served in the armed forces as a cook. He was a member of All Saints Parish. He farmed all his life. Some of his greatest satisfaction was driving a tractor – especially when bailing hay.Leo enjoyed frying chicken for family gatherings. He always had a smile on his face when the grandchildren came around.Visitation is Sunday, April 2, Andres-Wuestefeld Funeral Home beginning at 4:00 with the rosary until 7:00. Mass of Christian Burial is Monday, St. Paul Church, All Saints Parish in New Alsace at 11:00.Memorials: Masses, ASCA, Family Wishes