Camellias and the weevils that attack their seeds seem locked in conflict. The thicker a camellia grows its protective woody covering around its seeds, the longer the feeding tube on some weevil to break through and devour. John R. Thompson talked about such “coevolutionary arms races” in Current Biology1 and asked whether such wars can go on forever, leading to increased exaggeration of traits. The answer is, apparently, there are limits. Traits vary in a mosaic pattern across populations. Not all camellias are infested by beetles with the longest boring tools. As with any war, there are hotspots and coldspots. The dynamics of arms races seem to buffer both species against extremes.Collectively, these studies suggest that coevolution is a pervasive process that continually reshapes interspecific interactions across broad geographic areas. And that has important implications for our understanding of the role of coevolution in fields ranging from epidemiology to conservation biology. Many diseases, for example malaria, vary geographically both in parasite virulence and host resistance, potentially creating regions of coevolutionary hotspots and coldspots. The spread of introduced species seems be creating new geographic mosaics of coevolution as some species become invasive and coevolve with native species in different ways in different regions or drive rapid evolution in native species, sometimes in less than a hundred years or so. The results for Japanese camellia and camellia weevils reinforce the developing view that interactions coevolve as a geographic mosaic across landscapes, and it is often difficult for one partner to get ahead of the other (or others) everywhere. (Emphasis added.)1John R. Thompson, “Coevolution: The Geographic Mosaic of Coevolutionary Arms Races,” Current Biology, Volume 15, Issue 24, 24 December 2005, pages R992-R994, doi:10.1016/j.cub.2005.11.046.This appears to provide more slippage on the evolutionary treadmill (see 03/17/2003 entry). Though the word “evolution” is involved, don’t be confused; this has nothing to do with macroevolution, like bacteria evolving into people. Coevolution leads to exaggerated traits between two interacting species, like the beaks of hummingbirds and the flowers they pollinate. As with all other observed forms of microevolution, including Darwin’s famous finches, it involves the modification of existing traits – not the origin of new ones. Notice how quickly changes can result; Thompson referred to rapid “evolution” in native species in less than 100 years after an intruder was introduced. Young-earth creationists could use such concepts to explain the rapid diversification of varieties and species within created kinds, and there would be nothing Thompson or the Darwinists could do to prove them wrong. Studies like this do not establish that coevolution can be extrapolated endlessly into macroevolution. In fact, the quote above seems to indicate otherwise: there are limits to the amount of change in the “coevolutionary arms race.” World War II did not produce Superman. (Visited 65 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
How did bats evolve the ability to fly? Evolution helped them out by providing them with higher energy. After all, “Flight is among the most energy-consuming activities” in the animal kingdom, said a team of Chinese and Canadian scientists reporting in PNAS,1 so it’s obvious that evolution must have provided the genes to get the job done. So they looked at the genes of bats compared to other mammals, and sure enough, they found evidence of natural selection at work. “Both mitochondrial and nuclear-encoded OXPHOS [oxidative phosphorylation, a process of metabolism] genes display evidence of adaptive evolution along the common ancestral branch of bats, supporting our hypothesis that genes involved in energy metabolism were targets of natural selection and allowed adaptation to the huge change in energy demand that were required during the origin of flight.” The team looked into the mitochondrial genes and nuclear genes of the two bats whose draft genomes have been published, and compared the genes for metabolism with several other mammals. They came up with statistics that indicated a 25% signature of “positive selection” in the mitochondrial genes and close to 5% for the nuclear genes (they claimed that “Positive selection and gene duplication are two major mechanisms of adaptive evolution”). They acknowledged, though, that identifying positive selection is tricky business:2 Typically, positive selection will act on only a few sites and for a short period of evolutionary time; thus the signal for positive selection usually is swamped by the continuous negative selection that occurs on most sites in a gene sequence. Even after a short period of positive selection, this is commonly followed by a long period of purifying selection, which would obscure the selective processes. These processes explain why it has been so difficult to detect positive selection in mtDNA, despite extensive studies.Nevertheless, they defended several independent tests, such as branch-site models, to try to weed out and distinguish other signals, and thus support their identification of positive selection. Now surely, they must realize there has to be more to it than that, right? Well, but of course. Their paper ends with this paragraph:Bats are unique in being the only mammals capable of powered flapping flight. As in birds, bat flight is a highly energetically expensive form of locomotion. However, it is also a very efficient mode of transport and assists flyers in feeding and breeding as well as avoidance of predators. The evolution of flight in bats was a major factor leading to the success of this amazing group of mammals, although the evolution of this ability has required complex changes in the anatomy of these animals. In addition to other important factors, such as changes in bone density and development of the wings, bat flight also requires a significantly higher metabolic rate, a rate well above the maximum capable by other similar-sized terrestrial mammals during exercise. Aerobic metabolism by mitochondria plays a vital role as the energy production centers of cells The OXPHOS pathway of mitochondria has adaptively evolved to meet the demands of changing environmental and physiological conditions. Because the mitochondrial respiratory chain has a dual genetic foundation (mitochondria and nuclear genomes), here we examined both genomes to obtain insights into the evolution of flight by mammals. Both mitochondrial genes and nuclear-encoded OXPHOS genes showed greater evidence for adaptive evolution; this result supports our hypothesis that energy metabolism genes were targets of natural selection that included a balancing cytonuclear coevolutionary constraint, which allowed adaptive changes in energy demands and thus played a crucial role in attainment of flight by bats.1. Yong-Yi Shen, Lu Liang, Zhou-Hai Zhu, Wei-Ping Zhou, David M. Irwin, and Ya-Ping Zhang, “Adaptive evolution of energy metabolism genes and the origin of flight in bats,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences published online before print April 26, 2010, doi: 10.1073/pnas.0912613107.2. For more on the pitfalls of measuring positive selection, or tying it to adaptive fitness, see 09/05/2008, 01/13/2010 bullet 6, and 02/17/2010 bullet 4.We will have to call this the Mighty Mouse theory of bat evolution. It’s about as credible as the character who always managed to fly in for the rescue at the last moment (Wikipedia), and about as cartoony, too. Papers like this are another reason we really, really need to end the one-party rule in science. The Darwin Party is so corrupt, its members have convinced themselves that this kind of research constitutes evidence for evolution. Undoubtedly, the leaders of the regime will stack this paper on top of their growing pile of propaganda to intimidate doubters by showing them the mounds of scientific evidence supporting Darwin’s theory. But this paper makes no sense at all unless one already is a member of the Darwin Party, has pledged allegiance to Darwin, and already vowed to interpret everything in the light of common descent by random mutations and natural selection. Then the reasoning is deductive: since we already know as axiomatic truth that bats evolved from rodents, then “this result supports our hypothesis that energy metabolism genes were targets of natural selection that included a balancing cytonuclear coevolutionary constraint, which allowed adaptive changes in energy demands and thus played a crucial role in attainment of flight by bats.” The fogma is so thick they can’t see it. Only those outside of it can see what is going on. Simply put, adding energy to a mouse will not make it fly. Adding piecemeal goals to a Darwinian story will not make Darwinian theory fly, either. Darwinians need to think consistently with their theory. They cannot look in retrospect and say, Because bat flight evolved, this or that modification must have contributed to the overall complex trait. Bat flight is a package deal. As fossils have shown, bats appear abruptly in the record fully capable of flight and probably capable of sonar. More importantly, there is no “target of selection” in terms of an overall complex trait. Think of a cow. What will it take to help Bessie evolve flight? Well, a high metabolism will surely be among the requirements. So let’s say that Tinker Bell comes along with her mutation wand and starts zapping poor Bessie in the gonads. Among the calves that don’t die as embryos, maybe there will be one some day that survives with a slightly higher metabolic rate. Are we getting warmer? Are we on the way to evolving flight in Bessie’s descendents? It’s not necessary to press the point to see how absurd this tale is already, and we haven’t even tried to talk Bessie into the advantages of how nice it will be for her descendents with wings some golden day, millions of years from now, to be able to efficiently escape their human predators that are trying to hunt them down for hamburger. (Don’t tell her that the human predators by then will have co-evolved into fearsome fighters flying at Mach 2.) Darwin’s theory demands that every beneficial mutation confer survival advantage right now, not millions of years in the future. It has no goals, no targets, no visions, no plans. A mouse in its hole has no desire to sprout wings and become a bat, no matter how nice it might be for feeding, breeding, and avoidance of predators. Once again, we see how the Darwin supernaturalists conceal their miracles with misdirection and euphemisms. Everyone believes in miracles, you realize; and everyone is a supernaturalist. Darwinists only pretend to be naturalists. Their slip is showing every time they use logic and reason, which are not made of particles and forces. Look for the miracle-talk in this sentence: “The evolution of flight in bats was a major factor leading to the success of this amazing group of mammals, although the evolution of this ability has required complex changes in the anatomy of these animals.” OK, students, barrage the teacher with your questions. But teacher, how did this evolution occur? How can a Darwinian process be factored? – that sounds like algebra, a form of intelligent design. What do you mean by success – survival? The mice seemed to be pretty successful, because they still survive today and are more numerous than bats. How did the complex changes in the anatomy of bats occur simultaneously with the metabolic changes? How were they coordinated and tuned? You talked about changes in bone density and “the development of wings” – Wow! Isn’t that a giant leap for batkind? Didn’t Darwin say that nature takes no giant leaps, but only slight, successive modifications? What were the modifications, and how did they confer survival value? What do you mean by a “target” of natural selection? That sounds like anthropomorphism. Who will ask these and other questions, if not creationists, the intelligent design movement, or at least critics of neo-Darwinism? Scientists need critics to keep them in line. When it comes to Darwinism, though, the whole regime is corrupt. Don’t look for critical thinking from the NAS, the NIH, NASA, the NSF, or the major secular journals. The news media aren’t holding them accountable, either (02/18/2010), except for independent sources like CEH. Many individual scientists have their heads on straight but those who try to buck the establishment risk marginalization or expulsion. Totalitarian regimes typically become so corrupt that they become caricatures of themselves – fodder for political cartoons. That is certainly the case with the Darwin Party today. The rank and file largely ignore the ideology. They go along with it and repeat the party line on cue to stay out of trouble. No one dares speak out against it, even though an elementary course in baloney detecting could expose its nonsensical fables. The folly of theory-incestuous papers like this one shows that a thorough housecleaning is long overdue. Open the castle doors, DODO* bigots, and answer the challenge! Your mental health depends on lively and open debate. Listen to your founder: “A fair result can be obtained only by fully stating and balancing the facts and arguments on both sides of each question” – Charles Darwin.(Visited 65 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Mary AlexanderHands on hips, wearing a relaxed smile and somewhat psychedelic shirt, South African mining magnate Patrice Motsepe is on the cover of a special issue of Forbes magazine listing the world’s 1 125 dollar billionaires.Motsepe is the first black South African billionaire to make the prestigious Forbes list, his net worth of US$2.4-billion (R18.6-billion) giving him a rank of 503. He joins fellow South Africans Nicky Oppenheimer and Johann Rupert, ranked at 173 and 284 respectively.Oppenheimer and family, owners of the De Beers mining group, have a net worth of $5.7-billion (R45.8-billion). Rupert and family have a fortune of $3.8-billion (R30.5-billion) from their publicly traded Swiss luxury group Richemont, owners of Cartier, Chloe, Dunhill and other premium brands.Motsepe is the executive chair of African Rainbow Minerals (ARM), with a large stake in the company. ARM was set up in 2004 when Motsepe, in collaboration with the Harmony Gold Mining Company, took over Avmin. A diversified mining company, ARM has interests in ferrous and platinum group metals, nickel, coal, copper, cobalt and other base metals.A total of seven Africans are on the list, including three Egyptians and a Nigerian. The latter, industrialist Aliko Dangote, joins Motsepe as the first black Africans to make it into the Forbes billionaires’ club.New at the top of the list is Warren Buffet of Berkshire Hathaway, with a net worth of $62-billion (R769-billion). Mexican telecoms mogul Carlos Slim Helu is second, with $60-billion (R745-billion), and Microsoft’s Bill Gates, who held the top spot for 13 years, falling to third, with a fortune of $58-billion (R720-billion). This year showed increasing dominance of emerging economies, with the top 10 including four billionaires from India, and one each from Russia and Mexico.The prince of minesOnly 46 years old, Motsepe was born in Soweto in the south of Johannesburg. His family are Tswana royalty – Forbes‘s profile of him is titled The Prince of Mines and includes the comment, “He is, in fact, a prince” – while one of his great-grandmothers came from Scotland.Around the time of Motsepe’s birth the anti-apartheid activities of his father, Augustine Motsepe, led to the family being banished to the dusty rural area of Hammanskraal, north of Pretoria. There Augustine opened a store and a beer hall. The story goes that the younger Motsepe began his business career at the age of six, helping out his father from behind the counter at the store. “Whenever my father made a profit, he always ploughed it back into the store,” Motsepe told Forbes.Education was important to his parents, who managed to get their seven children into an Afrikaans-language Catholic boarding school reserved for coloured children. From there Motsepe went on to the University of Swaziland and then the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa, graduating with a law degree.In 1988 he joined Bowman Gilfillan, one of South Africa’s largest corporate law firms, and in 1993 became the firm’s first black partner. “Energetic and affable, Motsepe never wore his race on his sleeve,” Forbes quotes Bowman partner and longtime Motsepe lawyer and confidant Neil Rissik as saying.A modest billionaireFifteen years ago Motsepe turned from law to mining, transforming a “low-level mining services business into the country’s first black-owned mining company, African Rainbow Minerals, with 2007 revenue of $875-million,” Forbes says.Over the past year ARM’s share price has rocketed from $12 to $24, pushing the value of Motsepe’s net worth to $2.4-billion. Motsepe has a 42% stake in ARM, as well as a 5.5% stake worth $295-million in Sanlam, a publicly traded financial services company based in Cape Town.“By billionaire standards Motsepe has a modest lifestyle,” Forbes says. “His three sons attend prestigious private schools, but he has only one home, in the affluent Johannesburg suburb of Bryanston, and no yacht or plane. His one indulgence is to own the Mamelodi Sundowns, a soccer team.”Useful linksAfrican Rainbow MineralsForbesDe Beers GroupRichemont
Vivendi-owned French service provider SFR could launch its IPO as early as July, according to press reports.Vivendi CEO Jean-Yves Charlier, speaking on the margins of a conference organised in Paris, was reported by Reuters as having said the company is well advanced in its preparations for the spin-off.Pressed on the date, Charlier said the process could kick off at the beginning of July.Vivendi has last year indicated that an SFR IPO would likely be launched by the end of this year or the beginning of 2015.French cable operator Numericable’s principal owner Altice, the investment vehicle of Patrick Drahi, reportedly recently began a fresh move to acquire SFR, putting together an all-cash offer of between €10-13 billion raised from a mix of debt and cash raised from Numericable and Altice’s own IPOs.
Source: https://www.thehastingscenter.org/ Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Apr 26 2019Federal Right to Try: Where Is It Going?Kelly Folkers, Carolyn Chapman, and Barbara RedmanMany patients with terminal or serious illness who have exhausted their treatment options want access to experimental therapies they hope will help them. A federal right-to-try law, enacted in May 2018, permits physicians to treat patients with investigational medical products without authorization from the Food and Drug Administration, under specific circumstances. But this right-to-try pathway may have undermined the FDA’s role in monitoring the safety and efficacy of drugs, and it might even have created a loophole by which pharmaceutical companies can sell unapproved drugs to the public. Kelly Folkers is a research associate, Carolyn Chapman is a postdoctoral fellow, and Barbara Redman is an associate at the Division of Medical Ethics at the NYU School of Medicine.Citizen Science and GamificationKarola V. Kreitmar and David C. MagnusCitizen science describes the concept of nonprofessional volunteers assisting researchers in collecting data with the goal of contributing to scientific knowledge. Examples include playing games like Foldit and EteRNA to experiment with the shapes of biological materials, which has led to important scientific or medical advancements. But questions remain about how to conceive of these gamers: are they, in effect, scientific researchers? Are they research participants? Or are they simply players? Karola V. Kreitmar and David C. Magnus write that they occupy a position different from existing roles, and new standards and guidelines are needed to address their participation. The authors also propose that gamers be given appropriate credit and compensation for their discoveries. Kreitmar is an assistant professor in the Department of Medical History and Bioethics at the University of Wisconsin-Madison; Magnus is the Thomas A. Raffin professor of medicine and biomedical ethics and a professor of medicine and pediatrics at Stanford University.Related StoriesAMSBIO offers new, best-in-class CAR-T cell range for research and immunotherapySchwann cells capable of generating protective myelin over nerves finds researchOlympus Europe and Cytosurge join hands to accelerate drug development, single cell researchAt Law: Conscience and Religious Freedom Division Marks Its First Anniversary with ActionSandra H. JohnsonIt’s been a year since the Trump administration established the Conscience and Religious Freedom Division within the Department of Health and Human Services’ Office of Civil Rights to increase the legal protection of religious and conscience objections in health care. The division “is already having a significant impact,” writes Sandra H. Johnson. It “is causing health care entities, including hospitals, research organizations, and clinics, to change policies and practices.” She continues: “Administrative agencies also shape the law in what they decide not to pursue. For example, OCR has suspended enforcement of the Affordable Care Act prohibition against gender?identity discrimination.” Johnson is a professor emerita of law and health care ethics at the Center for Health Law Studies at Saint Louis University School of Law.Also in this issue: Changing the Question on surrogate decision-making Empathetic Practice: The Struggle and Virtue of Empathizing with a Patient’s Suffering Perspective: Achieving Meaningful Access to Medicaid
starfish out here lookin like a snack https://t.co/H7BPqTWsDwby Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeVikings: Free Online GamePlay this for 1 min and see why everyone is addicted!Vikings: Free Online GameUndoTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionOne Thing All Liars Have in Common, Brace YourselfTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionUndoKelley Blue Book2019 Lexus Vehicles Worth Buying for Their Resale ValueKelley Blue BookUndoGundry MD Total Restore SupplementU.S. Cardiologist: It’s Like a Pressure Wash for Your InsidesGundry MD Total Restore SupplementUndoLivestlyThe List Of Dog Breeds To Avoid At All CostsLivestlyUndoBirch Gold GroupThis IRS Tax Law is Sweeping the U.S.Birch Gold GroupUndo — XD (@radfag_) July 11, 2019 Headbutting Tiny Worms Are Really, Really LoudThis rapid strike produces a loud ‘pop’ comparable to those made by snapping shrimps, one of the most intense biological sounds measured at sea.Your Recommended PlaylistVolume 0%Press shift question mark to access a list of keyboard shortcutsKeyboard Shortcutsplay/pauseincrease volumedecrease volumeseek forwardsseek backwardstoggle captionstoggle fullscreenmute/unmuteseek to %SPACE↑↓→←cfm0-9接下来播放Why Is It ‘Snowing’ Salt in the Dead Sea?01:53 facebook twitter 发邮件 reddit 链接https://www.livescience.com/65934-ravioli-sea-star.html?jwsource=cl已复制直播00:0000:3500:35 The photo of the starfish, captured on the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s recent expedition to the deep Atlantic Ocean, propelled the tasty looking echinoderm to fame. But until now, the “ravioli” star (also called the cookie star) was a bit of a nobody. Even though scientists have known of the ravioli star for some time, only recently did the creature get a common (non-Latin) name, Christopher Mah, an invertebrate biologist at the Smithsonian Museum at Natural History, told Live Science. Instead, the starfish was known only by its formal scientific name, P. dentatus. [Photos: See the World’s Cutest Sea Creatures] That’s because until now, people rarely had the chance to observe the starfish in its natural habitat. Most of what scientists know about the ravioli star comes from specimens that were already dead, Mah said. Now, with the advent of remotely operated vehicles like NOAA’s Deep Discoverer, which captured rare footage of ravioli stars, everyone has virtual access to these creatures. It was sometime in the last year that Mah began hearing the names “cookie star” and “ravioli star” bouncing around the internet. “It’s just kind of amusing to me,” Mah said, “[The name] just took off so quickly.” The starfish isn’t new or unusual — it has existed at the depths of the ocean for much longer than its moniker. But the way Twitter is interacting with the ravioli star and other marine wonders is completely novel, Mah said. Just the fact that the internet has bred a new name for these creatures is evidence of a new kind of citizen science, he added. That’s a good thing. “Any kind of connection that I think the public has with natural history, with nature is important,” Mah said. As for the ravioli star, its moment in the spotlight is only just beginning. This is an exciting moment for deep-sea creatures like the pasta doppelganger, Mah said. For the first time, scientists have the chance to study how they interact with their environment — what they eat, how they reproduce and how they navigate their underwater world. On the Deep Discoverer’s most recent dive, for instance, the ROV captured another image of a group of ravioli stars ganging up on a sea sponge (a sea creature with no skeleton and a soft, porous body). Until now, scientists knew virtually nothing about this sea star’s biology. This is the Deep Discoverers seventh dive on an expedition called Windows to the Deep. If this starfish is making your mouth water, you’re not alone. When a photo of Plinthaster dentatus went viral on Twitter last week, pasta-lovers did a double take — the sea star looked just like a piece of ravioli. In Photos: The Stunning Sea Life ‘Stars’ of ‘Big Pacific’ Originally published on Live Science. Marine Marvels: Spectacular Photos of Sea Creatures In Photos: The Wonders of the Deep Sea
politics SHARE Uttar Pradesh Published on COMMENT The grand alliance in Uttar Pradesh formally collapsed on Wednesday after the Rashtriya Lok Dal (RLD), one of the three partners, announced that it will contest the upcoming by-polls alone. The BSP was the first to take such a decision, followed by the SP. The RLD, however, has not completely shut the doors, but said it will take a decision according to the political scenario of the State.Announcing the decision in Lucknow, party’s Uttar Pradesh president Masood Ahmad said the Congress should also be part of the Grand Alliance. “The Rashtriya Lok Dal will contest the UP Assembly by-polls on its own. However, it is too early to comment on the political scenario in the State,” he told PTI.Ahmed added that party President Ajit Singh and his son and Vice- President Jayant Chaudhary will decide on the number of seats the party will contest during a meeting in the next few days. “The profit and loss analysis will be done later. Our wish is that the gathbandhan should increase its kunbaa (clan), so that we can emerge as a strong anti-BJP force,” he said.The RLD had got three seats — Mathura, Muzaffarnagar and Baghpath — to contest as part of the alliance during the Lok Sabha election. The party lost all the three seats to the BJP. The RLD was hoping for a revival by taking up issues of sugarcane farmers, but failed to make a comeback. In 2014, too, the RLD did not win any seat. In a 2018 by-poll, the party contested Kairana and won with the support of the SP and the BSP. At present, the party does not have any members in the UP Assembly, too.While Ajit Singh was the candidate from Muzaffar Nagar, Jayant Chaudhary unsuccessfully contested from the Baghpat constituency. BJP’s Hema Malini defeated RLD’s Kunwar Narendra Singh in Mathura. COMMENTS SHARE SHARE EMAIL June 05, 2019
Next Barring fundamentalists, Muslims want construction of Ram temple in Ayodhya: Ram Vilas VedantiRam Janmabhoomi Nyas member Ram Vilas Vedanti on Friday claimed barring fundamentalists, the Muslim community supports the idea of construction of a grand Ram temple in Ayodhya.advertisement Press Trust of India LucknowJuly 12, 2019UPDATED: July 12, 2019 22:05 IST Ram Janmabhoomi Nyas member Ram Vilas Vedanti (Image Credit: ANI)Ram Janmabhoomi Nyas member Ram Vilas Vedanti on Friday claimed barring fundamentalists, the Muslim community supports the idea of construction of a grand Ram temple in Ayodhya.”Eighty per cent Muslims, barring the fundamentalists, want that the temple be constructed at the place where Ram Lalla is installed in Ayodhya,” he told media here.”Lucknow,”The chairman of the Shia Waqf Board, Wasim Rizvi has also agreed that Ram temple be built in Ayodhya whereas the mosque can be constructed at any other Shia-majority place in he said.His comments come in the wake of the Supreme Court on Thursday seeking a report on the “progress of mediation” in the politically sensitive case of Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid land dispute in Ayodhya and said a day-to-day hearing may commence from July 25 if the court decides to conclude those proceedings.Ram Vilas Vedanti, described as working president of Ram Janmabhoomi Nyas, also said there was “nothing in the name of (Mughal ruler) Babur” in Ayodhya and that everything in the city was “in the name of Lord Ram”.”There is not even a locality, lane or ward named after Babar in Ayodhya,” he said.”Muslims need to come forward and say that Hindus should construct their temple in Ayodhya for peace, communal amity and brotherhood,” he said, adding the Sunni Waqf Board should withdraw the case.To a question, Ram Vilas Vedanti, a former BJP MP, said it was most unfortunate that in a country where Hindus constitute “90 per cent” of the population, people are fighting a case in court for the construction of Ram temple.He said no power can build a mosque where Ram Lalla is installed, adding his statement could be either taken as a ‘threat’ or ‘suggestion’.On December 6, 1992, the Babri Masjid, constructed at the disputed site in the 16th century by Shia Muslim Mir Baqi, was demolished.ALSO READ | Ayodhya land title case: SC asks mediation panel to submit report by July 18ALSO WATCH | War over Jai Shri Ram escalates in Bengal, Kumaraswamy seeks floor test, says he govt has numbers; moreFor the latest World Cup news, live scores and fixtures for World Cup 2019, log on to indiatoday.in/sports. Like us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter for World Cup news, scores and updates.Get real-time alerts and all the news on your phone with the all-new India Today app. Download from Post your comment Do You Like This Story? Awesome! Now share the story Too bad. Tell us what you didn’t like in the comments Posted byKritika Kashyap Tags :Follow Ram Vilas VedantiFollow AyodhyaFollow Ram templeFollow MuslimsFollow Ram Janmabhoomi Nyas Karyashala