To mitigate cases of illegal migration from persons travelling to Cuba and Guyana, the second round of bilateral talks between the two Governments were recently concluded, where discussions surfaced for the implementation of several workable measures.Citizenship Minister Winston FelixAccording to the Ministry of the Presidency, the Guyana delegation was led by acting Foreign Affairs Minister, Winston Felix, and other officials of the Ministry, where the two countries pledged to strengthen their collaboration and implement a framework to review migratory patterns.Guyana Times understands that the meeting examined the possibility of implementing a visa protocol for persons entering Guyana from Cuba. Felix stated that the policy has been to suppress visas as a requirement to enter the country but there are persons who sometimes become invisible.For this, he stated, “What we have to do is to manage it and to ensure that over time, those who are invisible can be brought to light and we can understand what is happening.”The Minister reiterated, “Once they leave Cuba legally and they arrive here legally; we are going to accept them and treat them as all other members of the Caribbean family are treated.”Some of the matters focused primarily on the illegal migration but Trafficking in Persons was addressed as one of the burning issues, and how both territories can reduce the opportunities for persons to be held in such captivity.Director of the Division of Consular Affairs and Cuban Residents Abroad, Ernesto Soberon Guzman, related Cuba shares a common goal with Guyana.“Our main concern is to try to avoid Cuban people that visit Guyana, that use its territory as a transit in irregular migration… these people become victims of the trafficking of human beings, so in this regard we are very pleased with the conversation, with the results. I think that we share common goals in order to promote this regular, safe, orderly travel and, at the same time, to fight against irregular migration and against human trafficking,” he said.The first discussions with between the two countries took place in 2016 and they will meet again in another two years.In 2016, it was reported that Guyana along with other South American countries are major transit ports for Cubans refuges seeking access to the United States via the use of land as opposed to the more excruciating water route they traditionally use.This was according to NBC Nightly News in its April 30, 2016, broadcast where an investigative piece highlighted that there is a new migrant crisis unfolding in America where thousands of undocumented Cubans were stranded on a gruelling journey they hope would end in the US.
Explore further The biggest advantage of ultracapacitors is that they can fully recharge in less than a minute, unlike lithium-ion batteries which can take several hours. The downside of ultracapacitors is that they currently have a very short range, providing a distance of only a few miles, due to the fact that ultracapacitors can store only about 5% of the energy that lithium-ion batteries can hold. Although their short range makes ultracapacitors impractical for cars, city buses have to stop frequently anyway. By quickly recharging at bus stops, buses could take advantage of ultracapacitors’ other benefits: a bus with ultracapacitors uses 40% less electricity compared to an electric bus with lithium-ion batteries, and requires just one-tenth the energy cost of a typical diesel-fueled bus, which would save about $200,000 during the life of the vehicle. Plus, the buses are environmentally friendly: “Even if you use the dirtiest coal plant on the planet, it generates a third of the carbon dioxide of diesel when used to charge an ultracapacitor,” said Dan Ye of Sinautec.Today’s demonstration will take place at American University in Washington, DC, where an 11-seat minibus powered by ultracapacitors will be shuttling people around campus. At designated charging stations, which double as bus stops, the bus recharges by raising a collector on top of the bus a few feet to touch an overhead electric charging line, which recharges ultracapacitor banks stored under the bus seats. The two companies hope that this is just the beginning for ultracapacitor buses. The company that makes the Shanghai buses, Foton America Bus Co, based in Tennessee, plans to deliver another 60 buses to the Chinese city in early 2010. The new buses will have ultracapacitors manufactured by Shanghai Aowei that supply 10-watt hours per kilogram, compared with the current ultracapacitors that have an energy density of six watt-hours per kilogram. Other US cities, including New York City, Chicago, and some towns in Florida, have also expressed interest in trialing the buses. The companies expect that the ultracapacitors will continue to achieve higher energy densities in the future, which would allow them to hold a charge for longer. This improvement could increase the driving range from a few miles to 20 miles or more, helping to decrease the number of charging stations required on a route and make the technology practical for many more cities and bus routes. More information: Sinautecvia: Technology Review© 2009 PhysOrg.com (PhysOrg.com) — A fleet of 17 buses near Shanghai has been running on ultracapacitors for the past three years, and today that technology is coming to the Washington, DC, for a one-day demonstration. Chinese company Shanghai Aowei Technology Development Company, along with its US partner Sinautec Automobile Technologies, predict that this approach will provide an inexpensive and energy efficient way to power city buses in the near future. Hybrid Bus in the City: A Prototype with a Future Citation: Ultracapacitors Make City Buses Cheaper, Greener (2009, October 21) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2009-10-ultracapacitors-city-buses-cheaper-greener.html Buses with ultracapacitors stop at recharging stations, which double as bus stops, to recharge in less than a minute. Image credit: Sinautec. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.