Shaun Wright-Phillips 1 New York Red Bulls have announced the signing of former England international Shaun Wright-Phillips.The 33-year-old former Manchester City winger will join brother Bradley in the Big Apple and, while the MLS club did not disclose terms of his contract, he will be available for Saturday’s trip to the Philadelphia Union.Wright-Phillips, who has won 36 caps for England, made 299 Premier League appearances for Manchester City, Chelsea and QPR, who he left this summer after four years at Loftus Road.Red Bulls head coach Jesse Marsch said on his club’s website: “We are pleased to add Shaun to our club.“Shaun has performed at the highest levels of the game for his entire career, in the Premier League and on the international level, and brings a wealth of talent and experience.“He has been training here and we have seen his professionalism day in and day out. We think he is a tremendous addition both on the field and as a veteran presence in our locker room.”Striker Bradley Wright-Phillips, 30, joined Red Bulls in 2013 and has scored 41 goals in 63 appearances for the club.Bradley and Shaun played together at Man City in 2004.
Full disclosure: I have never participated in the baseball Hall of Fame voting. I covered enough major league baseball to qualify as a voter. But the statistical hair-splitting, the head-scratching subjectivity of the so-called morals clause, the inevitable verbal broadsides no matter how the vote went — it just didn’t appeal to me.Former A’s manager Tony La Russa is under no such compunction.A no-doubt-about-it Hall of Famer himself, La Russa is also part of the Today’s Game Era Committee, …
But in it, he gave away the Warriors’ gameplan for the first … Here’s what we’ve learned so far about the Warriors halfway through thee 2019-2020 preseason:The Warriors are going to be a fancy version of the Rockets(Doug Duran/Bay Area News Group)Stephen Curry played 26 minutes in Thursday’s preseason game against the sad, dumpy, Minnesota Timberwolves, scoring 40 points on 14-of-19 shooting, 6-of-9 from beyond the line.It was a really good performance from the two-time NBA MVP.
Camellias and the weevils that attack their seeds seem locked in conflict. The thicker a camellia grows its protective woody covering around its seeds, the longer the feeding tube on some weevil to break through and devour. John R. Thompson talked about such “coevolutionary arms races” in Current Biology1 and asked whether such wars can go on forever, leading to increased exaggeration of traits. The answer is, apparently, there are limits. Traits vary in a mosaic pattern across populations. Not all camellias are infested by beetles with the longest boring tools. As with any war, there are hotspots and coldspots. The dynamics of arms races seem to buffer both species against extremes.Collectively, these studies suggest that coevolution is a pervasive process that continually reshapes interspecific interactions across broad geographic areas. And that has important implications for our understanding of the role of coevolution in fields ranging from epidemiology to conservation biology. Many diseases, for example malaria, vary geographically both in parasite virulence and host resistance, potentially creating regions of coevolutionary hotspots and coldspots. The spread of introduced species seems be creating new geographic mosaics of coevolution as some species become invasive and coevolve with native species in different ways in different regions or drive rapid evolution in native species, sometimes in less than a hundred years or so. The results for Japanese camellia and camellia weevils reinforce the developing view that interactions coevolve as a geographic mosaic across landscapes, and it is often difficult for one partner to get ahead of the other (or others) everywhere. (Emphasis added.)1John R. Thompson, “Coevolution: The Geographic Mosaic of Coevolutionary Arms Races,” Current Biology, Volume 15, Issue 24, 24 December 2005, pages R992-R994, doi:10.1016/j.cub.2005.11.046.This appears to provide more slippage on the evolutionary treadmill (see 03/17/2003 entry). Though the word “evolution” is involved, don’t be confused; this has nothing to do with macroevolution, like bacteria evolving into people. Coevolution leads to exaggerated traits between two interacting species, like the beaks of hummingbirds and the flowers they pollinate. As with all other observed forms of microevolution, including Darwin’s famous finches, it involves the modification of existing traits – not the origin of new ones. Notice how quickly changes can result; Thompson referred to rapid “evolution” in native species in less than 100 years after an intruder was introduced. Young-earth creationists could use such concepts to explain the rapid diversification of varieties and species within created kinds, and there would be nothing Thompson or the Darwinists could do to prove them wrong. Studies like this do not establish that coevolution can be extrapolated endlessly into macroevolution. In fact, the quote above seems to indicate otherwise: there are limits to the amount of change in the “coevolutionary arms race.” World War II did not produce Superman. (Visited 65 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
RELATED ARTICLES Retrofits versus ReductionsAn Introduction to Photovoltaic SystemsSolar Hot WaterSolar Hot Water System Maintenance Costs It took a bit of courage asking my spouse for one more full summer of mess and less play time, but she knew what it meant to me to live in a world we chose to make.The winter of 2013-2014 was one of the coldest in a long time. I logged over 15 days riding the bike to work at -17°F. Inside, on the ceiling where the wall meets the top plate in the two north rooms, I saw frost clinging to the paint.After a full winter of planning and knowing the house could feel warmer if I just added more insulation, I started searching for used EPS. By March I had found two loads of recycled insulation for one-tenth the price of new: 35 sheets of 4-inch and 40 sheets of 2 1/2-inch and enough XPS to add an additional 4 inches around the perimeter of the foundation (this time only 2 feet below grade).Seven years had now passed since I had added 2 inches of insulation to the upper 4 feet of basement wall and exterior house walls. The nightmares of sealing the tight attic and blowing 16 inches of cellulose up there had faded. This is the fourth and last in a series of blogs by Paul Kuenn describing energy-efficiency improvements to his home in Appleton, Wisconsin. To read the first blog in the series, click here. Adding more wall insulationTo keep all of the rigid foam courses lined up around the entire house, I snapped a line at 12 inches down from the top plate. I wanted the most difficult and time-consuming work done first, so I decided to add the two new layers of EPS at the top plate. This meant careful measuring and cutting out rafter slots into each layer. Any gaps would be filled in with the foam gun. Knowing that there was a very thin layer of foam sprayed directly above the top plate, I hoped that these additional exterior side layers would warm the upper part of the wall.At the bottom of the wall, I was able to remove nails and lift out the 2-inch EPS layer from 2007 just enough to nail in an insect screen which would be folded up and outward to be attached to the outer furring strips to minimize insect invasion. I also added a customized “Z” shaped galvanized steel drip pan over the basement EPS layers. To protect the basement insulation, the 2007 gray-colored fiberglass over-layer would be replaced.There were many unplanned improvements that I did just so things would look and work better than they did in the past. That ate up some precious time early in the process but I began to speed ahead once the first 4-inch layer of EPS was attached to the outside walls.New window jambs. The author made new window jamb extensions with pieces of Trex trim.I had taken the time to measure all 127 stud locations very accurately and marked them with a story board on the ground and above on the soffit. With two or three 7-inch screws per panel and large roofing fender washers (to address the 2 inches of EPS in 2006 plus 4 new inches of EPS now) temporarily holding on the first layer, I was gearing up for the 12-inch screws to come that would hold the 3/4-inch plywood furring strips over all three layers of EPS.By August I was installing my pre-cut plywood furring strips to hold down all the layers of insulation while building out the windows and patio doors. We needed a break, so we took off for a two-week bike ride knowing things were tight enough to endure any big summer storms.This time around, I decided to insert the one solar hot air panel we had on the south wall in the last outer 2 1/2-inch layer of EPS. With trim, it would be more efficient and easy to remove if need be.As I dislike the cheap look of “J” channel, we decided to use a molding around the deep new window jambs to hide the siding edges. Snow and cold lingered into late April, so I started digging on the warmest sides of the house first. But I noticed that the ground was not frozen under the 2-inch XPS frost protection layer laid down in 2007. This allowed digging the whole perimeter even while it snowed and rained into mid-May.It remained busy at work, so as a one-man team I was glad that I had laid out the entire plan with a rigid schedule. I did want this done by December — of the same year!I found a supplier of Trex recycled content board stock for extending the window jambs and door jambs.I also purchased a pair of Lunos E2 heat-recovery ventilators, as I was going to be sealing the house even better than I did in 2006. In 2012 I had a blower-door test done and got 1.2 air changes per hour at a pressure difference of 50 pascals. Not bad, but that was with the shrink plastic over the windows and a patio door. I had since made my own airtight window inserts out of recycled screen window frames and shrink plastic from past winters.Since my new project required me to remove the siding again, I could do a better job of sealing around windows and doors. I would need better air exchange without sacrificing our precious heat. Increasing the foam thickness on the exterior wallsIn seven years I had already forgotten my methods for working around windows and doors, back when I installed the first 2 inches of insulation. But all went well with stripping off the siding and previous extension jambs. I tried to mock up one window and door to show what it would look like with the windows 8 1/2 inches deep. The 2×4 walls, with cavities insulated with 3 inches of fiberglass batts, would have a total of 8 1/2 inches of exterior EPS insulation (R-34).Making room for insulation: In order to install two new layers of rigid insulation on exterior walls, the author moved electrical boxes away from the wall temporarily — no mean feat with so many panels to contend with.I was forced to find a close matching vinyl siding because the style we had on the house was no longer made. We only needed one side to be completely refinished as the rest would make up for the enlargement of the house on the other three sides. We decided that the new siding for the house would go on the west wall, which can’t be seen from any other direction.I took off all Mondays from May 15 to early December and gave up many weekends of play to get the job done. On a few days, family and friends joined me when the work required a third hand. Moving electrical connections for the house, performing all of the solar disconnects, and installing the meters took two full days. I needed to mount everything away from the wall so I could get insulation behind.Luckily, I knew the local utility crew and they had no problem with my ability to get it done right. They gave me five hours to refit the extended conduit for the meter and came back in the evening to reattach our main breaker panel to the grid.It wasn’t until three weeks later when we received a utility bill that I realized with some embarrassment I had inadvertently shut down the inverter and all the solar had been wasted. Ughh! Better a month than a whole lifetime though, so I got over it. Paul Kuenn lives in Appleton, Wisconsin. He is a past owner of a climbing school and guide service who has studied environmentally sound building practices, along with plumbing and electrical. He’s a graduate of solar thermal and photovoltaic installation programs at the Midwest Renewable Energy Association. In the last eight years Paul also has worked as a third-party inspector for fire and rescue apparatus. In his spare time, he helps homeowners use the least amount of fossil fuel energy possible. How does it work?After two years of minor changes and tweaks, both the domestic hot water and floor-heating systems are efficient and effective. Solar fluid from the collectors first passes through the external heat exchanger to produce domestic hot water. Then the fluid proceeds to the storage tanks devoted to space heating; first, to the internal heat exchanger in the 80-gallon tank (tank #1) and then to the external heat exchanger for the 50-gallon tank (tank #2).Our solar isolation is about 4.7 hours per day. The target for our location (45° latitude) is 1.5 gallons of storage per square foot of collector. We have 180 gallons of storage and 128 square feet of collector surface — about 1.4 gallons per square foot, to ensure heating of the tanks in winter. The solar collectors are tilted at 60° for better winter heating.I added R-25 of foil-faced fiberglass insulation around all tanks. With the 50-gallon domestic hot water tank, it takes about two days of washing clothes, washing dishes, and showers to activate the heat pump. (That happens when the water temperature drops below 120°F.)New city water comes into tank #2 for floor heating, so the temperature of that tank drops the fastest when floor heating is called for and we are using domestic hot water. This is really a buffer tank that is useful when sunlight is abundant; the tank pre-warms the domestic hot water and the #1 floor-heating tank.As floor heat circulates around the house at 90°F to 120°F (depending on the storage water temperature) it first passes through the electric boiler. The boiler has three elements and only uses what energy is needed to warm the water to 110°F — our setting for comfortable floors. The water returns to the manifold at around 85°F to 90°F, so tank #1’s temperature never drops radically.If tank #1’s temperature drops below the temperature of tank #2 (for example, when little domestic water is used after a sunny day), the temperature-differential sensors will turn on a pump to circulate water in another external heat exchanger to warm up the water coming from tank #1 before it enters the boiler.During the coldest days — it’s been down to -24°F — the incoming glycol/water solar fluid enters the system at 135°F and returns to the collectors at 90°F in the late morning. That’s when the heating demand is greatest after warming the house. As with all solar thermal systems, the higher the temperature of the water in the storage tanks, the less heat is extracted from the solar fluid. It is a fine line between capturing heat and wasting heat.With a house like ours, which was not designed passively to capture the sun (our windows and longest side face east and west following the street plan), it is best to heat the house most when the sun is out to capture as many BTUs as possible from the collectors. If I know it’s going to be sunny, I change the programmable thermostats before leaving for work to a higher temperature. If there’s a doubt about sunshine, I will leave it at the cooler daytime setting, as I don’t want to pay the higher time-of-use kilowatt hours from 7:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. to heat the house with the on-demand boiler.We left the heating completely off for a 24-hour test in January 2011. At -17°F, with partly cloudy skies, the house never fell below 61°F. More insulation over the top plate in the atticMeanwhile, as if I didn’t have enough going on with the exterior walls, I found a trustworthy contractor who understood my need to insulate the top plate of the wall where there was so little space to work with. His team would spray the entire perimeter of the attic with polyurethane foam.I was not looking forward to working again in the tight attic, especially in June when things begin to heat up in Wisconsin. Martin Holladay had recommended that I spray closed-cell foam over the top plate inward over the ceiling to where cellulose could reach at least 16 inches in depth. I still wanted ventilation under the roof, so I made my own very stiff EPS vent channels, which extended from the top wall plate 5 feet inward directly under the roof sheathing. They would not collapse under the foam expansion as it cured.Back to the attic: Beefing up the attic insulation meant more work in a very tight space. After clearing away the insulation at the perimeter of the attic, the author invited in an insulation crew to apply a layer of closed-cell polyurethane foam to the top plate and inward until there was enough room to transition back to cellulose.I wanted a minimum of R-12 (only 2 inches left free between top plate and vents), with the R-value growing as the available height increased, moving inward. At 1 foot inward, the spray foam would totally encapsulate the depth of the 6-inch ceiling joists. Cellulose on top of that would increase the R-value to over R-50, 4 feet inward from the wall. That was the best I do under the circumstances.To accomplish this, I had to vacuum out all of the 1960s blown-in fiberglass insulation along with some of my 2007 cellulose in a 6-foot-wide strip around the perimeter of the attic. This was after I shoveled most of the cellulose I had previously placed into the center of the attic. Working in a protective suit and breathing mask at 90°F can be very exhausting. It took three days and two late nights to have the attic ready for the spray foam crew.At the corners of this hip roof I first had to drill vent holes in the hip jacks on each side of the hip rafters. This was a contortionist’s worst nightmare, to say the least, and it would take me hours to walk upright again when I’d come down out of the attic. Installers spraying the foam would have to be very careful in these tight spaces not to block what little ventilation was available.Once up in the hot and very tight attic, the “experts” just wanted out. They ended up spraying way more inches of foam than they had planned to charge me for. I bought them lots of beer for their efforts. I was already facing burn-out with this project, so I paid them to blow in the added cellulose to fill in any voids on top of their foam and my work areas.I left all the cellulose I had shoveled to a depth of 32 inches over the 75% remaining middle attic space. At least the ceiling in the center of the house would be very warm with approximately R-115 overhead.Once again, they did a great job and added more than requested for the bid price. Better yet, it took them only two hours. It would have taken a full day for me, and one other if I had to rent the equipment.Cleaning the house was easy this time around compared to what I had been through in the past. BLOGS BY PAUL KUENN One Man’s Quest for Energy Independence — Part 1One Man’s Quest for Energy Independence — Part 2One Man’s Quest for Energy Independence — Part 3 The siding goes back onBy September, I was working after work with lights and a headlamp. Cold rains became more of a nuisance and biking back and forth to work became slower and used up more time. I pressed on with the beginnings of the siding work. I had to temporarily add recycled wire mesh to keep the birds off the EPS and out of the soffit.By October, the siding was going up and the new deep window jambs were looking good. As soon as the north and east walls were finished, I began cutting and replacing the soffit vents. As the cold season approached, the house was already noticeably warmer.The cold came very early, with lows around zero by mid-November. I had to be careful nailing the siding so it wouldn’t explode into pieces. Working with bare hands was next to impossible.With all trim completed, and only a few remaining items that could wait until spring, I was very happy to be finished.
By Molly Herndon & Bari SobelsonManaging finances while raising a family is difficult enough. Families facing the stress that comes with separation, divorce, or deployment can become overwhelmed by the accompanying financial changes of these circumstances.The Personal Finance and Family Development teams will host a 3-part webinar series on Family Finances. Each of these webinars will tackle the financial and emotional hurdles presented by changes in family structure.Family Finances Webinar SeriesJuly 10, 11 a.m.-12:30 p.m. ET: Separation and Single Parenting in the Military with Dr. Kacy Mixon & Dr. Martie Gillen. For many service members with families and children, it can be a difficult balance between responsibilities to their families and to the military. Separation and single parenting can make this balance even more difficult, leaving service members and their family members shouldering even more responsibilities than before. During this 90-minute webinar, Dr. Mixon and Dr. Gillen will discuss both the emotional and financial impacts of separation and single parenting in the military.Dr. Kacy MixonKacy Mixon, Ph.D., LMFT-is the Project Director for the Family Development Team of the Military Families Learning Network. She is also an Assistant Professor in the Psychology, Counseling & Family TherapyDepartment at Valdosta State University. As a licensed marriage and family therapist (AAMFT clinical fellow), Kacy has worked with families from all walks of life. Her trainings, presentations and courses, however, focus primarily on family violence, trauma, military families, and foster-care transitions.Dr. Martie GillenMartie Gillen, Ph.D. is an Associate Professor and Extension Specialist for the Department of Family, Youth, and Community Sciences, in the Institute for Food and Agricultural at the University of Florida. She joined the Department in June, 2011. Her appointment is 65% teaching, 10% research, and 25% Extension. She has a BA in Business Administration from Morehead State University and a MBA from Sullivan University. She earned her Doctorate in Family Studies from the University of Kentucky. She also earned a Graduate Certificate in Gerontology and a Graduate Certificate in Applied Statistics from the University of Kentucky.August 28, 11 a.m.-12:30 p.m.ET: Financial Planning for Life Events with Dr. Barbara O’Neill.Dr. Barbara O’NeillIn this webinar, Dr. O’Neill will talk about preparing for the inevitable circumstances that life throws our way. Divorce, untimely death, health crises, marriage, remarriage, widowhood, home-buying and retirement take a tremendous toll on finances. This webinar will talk about savings and insurance as protective barriers against the financial distress these events can cause. She will also discuss recovery plans to regain lost finances and starting again on a reduced income. Barbara O’Neill, Ph.D is a Financial Resource Management Specialist for Rutgers Cooperative Extension, has been a professor, financial educator, and author for 35 years. She has written over 1,500 consumer newspaper articles and over 125 articles for academic journals, conference proceedings, and other professional publications.November 13, 11 a.m.-12:30 p.m. ET: Raising Financially Responsible Children with Neale Godfrey.Neale GodfreyNeale Godfrey will deliver a 90-minute webinar discussing the importance of raising financially responsible children. This interactive learning opportunity will include quizzes for parents and children to determine their financial management style and offer guidance for teaching financial responsibility to children. Neale Godfrey is an author. Her books deal with money, life skills, and value issues. One of them, Money Doesn’t Grow on Trees: A Parent’s Guide to Raising Financially Responsible Children,was a New York Times #1 Best Seller. She is currently Executive in Residence at the Columbia Graduate School of Business and is a weekly contributor at Forbes.com, averaging 100,000 page views per week. She also hosts regular discussions on her web platform, NealeGodfrey.com.Save the dates and join us for this 3-part interactive and comprehensive look at the changes families experience and the tools, resources, and support we can offer to make managing finances through these trying times easier.You can download and print the PDF version of our flyer for the FFS Webinar Series Flyer!